This manual, the infamous KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation, dated July , is the source of much of the material in the second manual. KUBARK. Its purpose is to provide guidelines for KUBARK interrogation, and particularly the counterintelligence interrogation of resistant sources. This page report, classified Secret, was drafted in July as a comprehensive guide for training interrogators in the art of obtaining.

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How long the opening phase continues depends upon how long it takes to establish rapport or to determine that voluntary cooperation is unobtainable. When this aim is achieved, resistance is seriously impaired.

This principle is especially important if the interrogatee is following his normal life, going home each evening and appearing only once or twice a week for questioning, or if his bona fides remains in doubt. Typically he has a long history of being promising and of almost completing a significant assignment or achievement but not bringing it off. Emotional resistance can be dissipated only by emotional manipulation.

The time available for unilateral testing and exploitation should be calculated at the outset, with a fair regard for the rights and interests of other members of the intelligence community.

KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation – Wikisource, the free online library

Samuel Saul Richardson rated it it was ok Dec 01, It is recommended that screening be conducted whenever personnel and facilities permit, unless it interrogatiion reasonably certain that the interrogation will be of minor importance or that the interrogatee is fully cooperative. He sometimes gratifies his feeling of secret superiority by provoking unjust treatment. It is also helpful to install a small blinker bulb behind the subject or to arrange some other method of signalling the interrogator, without the source’s knowledge, that the questioner should leave the room for consultation or that someone else is about to enter.

The preliminary psychological analysis of the subject makes it easier to decide whether he is likely to resist and, if so, whether his resistance will be the product of fear that his personal interests will be damaged or the result of the non-cooperative nature of orderly-obstinate and related types. As interrogation goes on, the subject tends increasingly to divulge or withhold in interrogatiob with the values of the interrogation world rather than those of the outside world unless the periods of questioning are only brief interruptions in his normal life.


Accusations levelled at him by the interrogator are likely to trigger such false confessions.

The third is that the subject believes that the information sought will be damaging or incriminating for him personally that cooperation with the interrogator will have consequences more painful for him than the results of non-cooperation. Defectors from hostile intelligence services, doubles, provocateurs, and others who have had more than passing contact with a Sino-Soviet service may, if they belong to this category, prove unusually responsive to suggestions from the counterintelligwnce that they have been treated unfairly by the other service.

Such facts as are available suggest that the latter have a slight advantage. The techniques used in nullifying resistance, inducing compliance, and eventually eliciting voluntary cooperation are discussed in Part VIII of this handbook. We aim to maintain an inviting space to focus on intelligent interactions and debates.

The CIA Document of Human Manipulation: Kubark Counterintelligence Interrogation Manual

And even the provocateur who substitutes a fictitious person for his real father will disclose some of his feelings about his father in the course of detailing his story about the imaginary substitute.

Whenever a number of interrogators is available, the percentage of successes is increased by ckunterintelligence matching of questioners and sources and by ensuring that rigid prescheduling does not prevent such matching.

The purpose of screening is to provide the interrogator, in advance, with a reading on the type and characteristics of the interrogatee. The use of unsuccessful techniques will of itself increase the interrogatee’s will and ability to resist. Heightened Suggestibility and Hypnosis J. A distinction should be drawn as soon as possible between sources who will be sent to [approx. In some interrogatees the ego-demands, the need to save face, are so intertwined with preservation of the cover story that calling the man a liar will merely intensify resistance.


It is useful to recognize in advance whether the information desired would be threatening or damaging in any way to the interests of the interrogates. Usually the odds still favor the interrogator, but they are sharply cut by the training, experience, patience and toughness of the interrogatee. But the anticipation of withholding increases rather than diminishes, the value of rapport.

The Structure of the Interrogation 1. Manipulating the subject psychologically until he becomes compliant, without applying external methods of forcing him to submit, sounds harder than it is. At best it can help readers to avoid the characteristic mistakes of poor interrogators. The interrogator begins routine questioning of A, speaking rather softly and inducing A to follow suit. It is also helpful to watch the subject’s mouth, which is as a rule much more revealing than his eyes. While the excerpts released by the Pentagon are a useful and not misleading selection of the most egregious passages, the ones most clearly advocating torture, execution and blackmail, they do not provide adequate insight into the manuals’ highly objectionable framework.

Throughout interrogaion eleven hundred pages of the manuals, there are few mentions of democracy, coknterintelligence rights, or the rule of law.

She takes her completed work into the inner office, comes back out, and telephones a request that someone come up to act as legal witness.

U.S. Army and CIA interrogation manuals – Wikipedia

Government, tasked with gathering, processing and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence HUMINT. On the other hand, if the needed information is not sensitive from the subject’s viewpoint, merely asking kubar it is usually preferable to trying to trick him into admissions and thus creating an unnecessary battle of wits.

It can, for example, exert foreign political influence through its tactical divisions, such as the Special Activities Division.