Kaposi’s varicelliform eruption is a rare and potentially fatal viral infection caused mainly by reactivation of herpes simplex virus. It concomitantly occurs with. Disseminated herpes or vaccinia in the setting of underlying skin diseases is known as Kaposi’s varicelliform eruption (KVE). Patients typically present with. It is autosomal dominant in transmission. Patients with DWD are prone to frequent superinfection including the rare complication of Kaposi varicelliform eruption.
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Most cases are sporadic,[ 11 ] although an outbreak in a dermatology ward has been recently described. Published by Wolters Kluwer – Medknow.
In case of doubt, the Tzanck smear allows a diagnostic approach, that is rapid and economical,[ 14 ] though not specific. Textbook of atopic dermatitis. Eczema herpeticum was first described by Austrian dermatologist Moriz Kaposi in None, Conflict of Interest: Viral cutaneous conditions, including viral exanthema B00—B09— Merkel cell polyomavirus Merkel cell carcinoma. History and Physical Patients with Kaposi varicelliform eruption present with a sudden skin eruption of painful clusters of umbilicated vesicles and pustules.
Rubella virus Rubella Kapoosi rubella syndrome “German measles” Alphavirus infection Chikungunya fever.
Kaposi’s varicelliform eruption Shenoy MM, Suchitra U – Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol
Purchase access Subscribe to JN Learning for one year. In the 20 th century Freun showed cytoplasmic inclusions confirming the viral etiology. Sex Transm Infect ; Abstract Kaposi’s varicelliform eruption is a rare and potentially fatal viral infection caused mainly by reactivation of herpes varicellifirm virus.
This inaugural topographic distribution may lead to a delayed diagnosis because the eruption is often confused with the pre-existing condition. The most serious ophthalmological sequela is herpetic keratitis which may lead to vision loss resulting from corneal scarring. That the condition may be caused by the virus of herpes simplex has been conclusively demonstrated by a. It has also been suggested by some workers that other viruses may be responsible for a clinically similar condition, but proof of this is still lacking.
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Kaposi’s Varicelliform Eruption
McKenna J, Krusinski P. Eczema herpeticum is caused by Herpes simplex virus HV1, the virus that causes cold sores; it can also be caused by other related viruses. All patients were treated with oral or parenteral acyclovir with a dose ranging from to mg per day until complete resolutionwhereas in 10 patients, systemic antibiotic was added.
In fact, a histological examination may confirm a diagnosis that may not have been thought of clinically, whereas polymerase chain reaction will detect viral DNA by Polymerase Chain Reaction. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Support Center Support Center.
To access free multiple choice questions on this topic, click here. Herpes simplex Herpetic whitlow Herpes gladiatorum Herpes simplex keratitis Herpetic sycosis Neonatal herpes simplex Herpes genitalis Herpes labialis Eczema herpeticum Herpetiform esophagitis.
Kaposi Varicelliform Eruption – StatPearls – NCBI Bookshelf
Atopic dermatitis, eczema herpeticum, herpes simplex virus. StatPearls Publishing; Jan.
Histopathology A skin biopsy is not required to confirm a diagnosis, but if it is performed, histological findings include intra-epidermal blister, acantholysis, multinuclear giant cells with intranuclear inclusion, and ballooning degeneration of the keratinocytes. Kaposi’s varicelliform eruption is a rare and potentially fatal viral infection caused mainly by reactivation of herpes simplex virus. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.
Kaposi’s varicelliform eruption: A case series
KVE was first described by Moritz Kaposi in the 19 th century, who assumed it was a fungal infection, whereas Juliysber argued that it was caused by bacterias. It is inexpensive, easily applicable, and quick to perform.
Recently, Mathes et al. Kaposi’s varicelliform eruption or atypical chickenpox in a normal individual. The most commonly affected sites are head, neck, and trunk. The most commonly reported cases occur in patients with atopic dermatitis.
Harindra V, Paffett MC. KVE usually develops in patients with preexisting chronic dermatoses, especially atopic dermatitis. You eruptionn help by adding to it. Eczema herpeticum in two elderly patients. Vesiculopustules often evolve into crusted, hemorrhagic, and punched-out skin erosions that may enlarge japosi coalesce to form extensive denuded areas which are more likely to get a bacterial infection.
A case series of Kaposi’s varicelliform eruption in dermatology in-patients in a tertiary care centre. Both cell-mediated and humoral immunity dysfunction are implicated. Eczema herpeticum can variccelliform life-threatening in babies. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; Detailed comparative studies of the isolated virus with that of vaccinia are recorded. We present a case series that includes four adults, familial cases, and previously healthy patients.
Shenoy MM, Suchitra U. Mehdi Karray ; Asmahen Souissi. However, this method suffers from low sensitivity and does not differentiate between herpes simplex virus 1 and 2, or between herpes simplex virus and varicella-zoster virus. Create a personal account to register for email alerts with links to free full-text articles.
However, the finding of cytoplasmic inclusion bodies in histological examination suggested a viral origin. Risk of ocular involvement exists when herpes simplex virus-associated Kaposi varicelliform eruption affects the face.
Prophylactic treatment with systemic antibiotics is recommended to prevent secondary bacterial infection.