Mass Nouns, Count Nouns and Non-Count Laycock – – In Alex Barber (ed.), Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Elsevier. A crucial part of Taurek’s argument is his contention that i. John M. Taurek, ” Should the Numbers Count?” Philosophy & Public Affairs 6, no. 4. (Summer I ). Oxford University Press USA publishes scholarly works in all academic disciplines, bibles, music, children’s books, business books, dictionaries, reference.

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In other words, while there are states of affairs that are bad for different individuals, there are also states of affairs that are bad simpliciter, and it is the states of affairs that are bad simpliciter that can in fact aggregate.


The harm that S can prevent for y is less serious to a nontrivial degree in comparison to the harm that S can prevent for x. And when doing so, the gate towards infinite regression is then opened. Otsuka by contrast focuses on the mere mitigation of a harm. Sign in to use this feature. The harm that S can prevent for x the smaller number is significantly greater in comparison to the harm that S can prevent both for y and for z the greater number.

So, since Star Wars is not an instance of a Taurek Scenario, Numbers Partly Count is silent about whether or not one should prefer iv over i. I am also very grateful to Tge Paakkunainen and the anonymous referees at Res Publica for providing many thorough and challenging comments over multiple drafts of this paper.

  LEY NO 27493 PDF

Rethinking how non-consequentialists should count lives

Aggregation and two moral methods. In fact, someone who holds the view that persons are incommensurable may not even need to toss a coin. For example, it might be said that there is just no metric to weigh numbers against considerations of justice. So, an example of the kind of conference of a benefit with which I will not be concerned in this paper involves providing a salary-increase to one who is already financially well-off.

As such, unlike consequentialism, numbers are not the only thing that matters on the Standard Picture. Jhn, PAA holds that moral agents could recognize that if numbers are the only relevant factor at issue, then that is a reason in favor of saving the greater number.

See also Hirose, I. Anarchy, State and Utopia.

What we owe to each other. Suppose there are one million people on one side and one individual on the other. I think that Otsuka can establish this conclusion, but not by way of how he presents the argument.

Those balanced out on his side are, I would say, the beneficiaries of his successful complaint. I n recent years, many nonconsequentialists such as Frances Kamm and Thomas Scanlon have been puzzling over what has come to be known as the Number Problem, which is how to show that the greater number in a rescue situation should be saved without aggregating the claims of the manygaurek typical kind of consequentialist move that seems to violate the separateness of persons.

I will call this a Taurek Scenario: In i A, B, and C each suffer to degree n. This response of course raises the question of how advocates of the Standard Picture would prioritize numbers versus these other values. Skepticism about saving the greater number. There are broadly three positions one might hold regarding what S ought to do in a Taurek Scenario.

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Only an individual who is not balanced out has a complaint. Find it on Scholar.

It is worth noting that this point further applies to those who might seek to use the method of Pairwise Comparison to defend the opposite claim, that is, the Taurekean claim that numbers do not matter.

Kamm – – Utilitas 17 1: However, Taurek seems to explicitly deny that there are states of affairs that are bad simpliciter. Why the Numbers Should Sometimes Count. Submit a new link. The well-being of x and y are equal in comparison prior to any intervention by S. A theory of justice.

The Significance of Tiny Contributions. There is a harm that is more serious by a significant degree that is being prevented in iv where Secura does not suffer at all in couunt to i in which A suffers to degree n. Aggregation and Two Moral Methods.

Echoing Rawls’s discussion of this matter, Robert Nozick explains the problem of making a person undergo some sacrifice for some ‘overbalancing’ good: The possibility of altruism.

I suggest the following principle: