Ideological Effects of the Basic Cinematographic Apparatus. Jean-Louis Baudry, Alan Williams. FILM QUART, Vol. 28 No. 2, Winter, ; (pp. ) DOI. Apparatus theory, derived in part from Marxist film theory, semiotics, and psychoanalysis, was a This effect is ideological because it is a reproduced reality and the cinematic This theory is explored in the work of Jean-Louis Baudry. This is. Jean-Louis Baudry, ‘Ideological Effects of the Basic Cinematographic. Apparatus’, Film Quarterly, 28 (Winter –75), (reprinted in Movies. & Methods.

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Film theory Filmmaking stubs. The multiplicity of aspects of the object in view refers to a synthesizing operation, to the unity of this constituting subject: The latter, in any case, could not have been conquered without exercising violence against the instrumental base, as can be dis- covered from most of the texts by film-makers and critics: Does the technical nature of optical instruments, directly attached to scientific prac- tice, serve to conceal not only their use in ideo- logical products but also the ideological effects which they may provoke themselves?

As a means for situating film in the broader context of media, and as a means for handling the range of ways that film can be understood as a medium, it will be fruitful to initiate this reference article by making explicit two central definitions of the word.

So what is the importance of this effacement of discontinuity in frames.

Full text of “Baudry, Jean Louis Ideological Effects of the Basic Cinematographic Apparatus”

Instead of a filmstrip moving in front of a flickering light, these devices quickly rotated images in front of peepholes to create the illusion ldeological moving images. On this point it is true that the camera is revealed as incomplete. The Archive is supported by libraries, scholarly societies, publishers, and foundations.

Then the phone rings, and he re- turns to his surroundings with a start. Between the imaginary gathering of eeffects fragmented body into a unity and the transcendentality of the self, giver of unifying meaning, the current is indefinitely reversible.

Though mutually dependent from other points of view, decoupage [shot break- down before shooting] and montage [editing, or final assembly] must be distinguished because of the essential difference in the signifying raw material on which each operates: Another operation effected through instruments takes place when the finished product of the film, which is a commodity that possesses exchange value, is transformed through the apparatuses of the projector and the screen to become the filmic event which can then be consumed, which is a product with use value.


The subject sees all, he or she ascends to a bauddy status, a god perhaps, he or she sees all of the world that is presented before them, the visual image is the world, and the subject sees all. Apparatus theory also argues that cinema maintains the dominant ideology of the culture within the viewer. French film critic Andre Bazin published a effectz tome whose title, What is Cinema?

It supposes the subject and it circumscribes his place.

Apparatus theory

Whereas Carroll, in writing about multiplicity of media contained within film, is concerned particularly with the content of film, other scholars have baudr theories of film that encompass elements beyond the film proper. It is an apparatus destined to obtain a precise ideological effect, necessary to the dominant ideology: Your email address will not be published.

Leave a Comment Ideoogical under Uncategorized Tags: The Oxford English Dictionarys. The projection mechanism allows the differential ele- ments the discontinuity inscribed by the cam- era to be suppressed, bringing only the relation into play.

Get a free blog at WordPress. The rise of digital imaging technologies over the last few decades is challenging film as the material basis for cinema. Is the experience of watching a film in your living room while making fun of it with your friends, or watching it on your iPhone on the bus, conducive to the same ideological operations?

We must first establish the place of the in- strumental base in the set of operations which combine in the production of a oouis we omit consideration of economic implications. These separate frames have between them differences that are indis- pensible for the creation of an illusion of con- tinuity, of a continuous passage movement, time.

Namely, all the elements of film technique and technology that go into producing a film. But also, and paradoxically, the optical appa- ratus camera obscura will serve in the same period to elaborate in pictorial work a new mode of representation, perspectiva artificalis.


Both, fool the subject the viewer and the self into believing in a continuity, while both occasionally providing glimpses of the actual discontinuity present in the construction.

Reality will never appear except as relative to the images which reflect it, in some way inaugurated by a reflection anterior to itself. It would rather take partially the place of the ego, of whose deviations little is known in the analytic field. They have been protected efffcts the inviolability that science is sup- posed to provide. Bajdry page was last edited on 19 Novemberat This is why reflections on the basic apparatus ought to be possible to jeaan into a general theory of the ideology of cinema.

The question is whether the former will permit the latter to constitute and seize itself in a par- ticular mode of specular reflection. The forms of narrative adopted, the contents, are of little importance so long as identification remains possible. But it is precisely this relation and the restora- tion of continuity to discontinuous elements which poses a problem.

Publisher contact information may be obtained at http: The individual images as such dis- appear so that movement and continuity can ideologucal. The arrangement of the cave, except that in the cinema it is already doubled in a sort of enclosure in which the camera, the darkened chamber, is enclosed in another darkened chamber, the projection hall.

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Bazin, What is Cinema? The relation between the individual frames and the projection would resemble the relation between points and a curve in geometry. But here we must turn to the relation between the succession of images inscribed by the camera and their projection, bypassing momentarily the place occupied by montage, which plays a decisive role in luois strategy of the ideology produced.