The juice obtained by pressing the leaves of Bryophyllum calycinum ( Crassulaceae) exhibited histamine-blocking activity. 2. The juice contains flavonoid. Bryophyllum calycinum belongs to the family crassulaceae was widely used in traditional medicine especially in the tropical areas. The plant contained alkaloids. This is a PDF-only article. The first page of the PDF of this article appears above. PreviousNext. Back to top. Table of Contents · Download PDF · Article Alerts.
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Bryophyllums are a section of the genus Kalanchoe, a taxon of around species of succulents native to warm and tropical climates, with bell, urn or tubular flowers.
Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae. It is distinctive for the profusion of miniature plantlets that form on the margins of its phyllocladesa trait it has in common with some other members of its genus. Page 1 of 1. Phytochemical studies of Kalanchoe pinnata have identified the presence of triterpenessteroidphenanthreneflavonoidflavoneschalconestaraxasterolauronesphenolic acidcaffeic acidsyringic acidmalicoxalicferulic acid and organic acid.
This is a fairly common trait in the subgenus Bryophyllum. This page was last edited on 22 Decemberat Continue Cancel Send email OK. At the same time, in Londonthe botanist Richard Anthony Salisbury described the same plant from a specimen received from Bengalunder the name of Bryophyllum calycinumand at the same time created the new genus Bryophyllum. Archived from the original on October 17, This file is lacking author information. Bryophyllum pinnatum has been recorded in Trinidad and Tobago as being used as a traditional treatment for hypertension.
In the French West IndiesKalanchoe pinnata, called zeb maltet, is used in local application against headaches. The terminal inflorescence is a paniclewith many pendent, red-orange flowers. It is a succulent, perennial plantabout 1m tall, with a fleshy cylindrical stem and a reddish color for the youngest and it flowers most of the year.
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It is yellowish in color with red-purple streaks. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.
Antihistamine activity of Bryophyllum calycinum.
The ovary has four carpelsslightly fused together in the center, with slender styles. The writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethewho was an amateur naturalist of some repute, was “passionately fond” of this plant and liked to give the baby plantlets as gifts to friends bdyophyllum visited his home.
Extraits de l’Herbier de l’amateur. New York, The Macmillan Co. Bryophyllum poisoning of cattle”. Royal Society of Chemistry. In temperate regions, Kalanchoe pinnata is grown as an indoor ornamental plant.
Enter your log in email address and we’ll send you a link to reset your password. They are thick, fleshy, elliptical in shape, curved, with a crenate or serrated margin, often reddish.
The plant Kalanchoe pinnata was harvested by Pierre Sonnerat in Isle de France Mauritius and communicated to Lamarck who described it in as the Cotyledon pinnata.
For the people of the Amazon, kalanchoe has multiple uses: Fischer, Jenap. Perrier Boiteau Kalanchoe calcicola H. Please note vryophyllum these images are extracted from scanned page images that may have been digitally enhanced for readability bryophylllum coloration and appearance of these illustrations may not perfectly resemble the original work.
When the seedlings formed fall to the ground, they root and quickly give new plants. It is in general, by escaping from the brypphyllum that it becomes naturalized. In common with other Crassulaceae such as the genera TylecodonCotyledon and AdromischusBryophyllum pinnatum has been found to contain bufadienolide cardiac glycosides  These can cause cardiac poisoningparticularly in grazing animals. Red Pierrot butterfly is resting on edge of leaf. Views Read Edit View history.
Against headaches, Palikur calycknum their forehead with a mixture of kalanchoe leaf juice with coconut oil. He also discussed his air plant at length in an essay titled Geschichte meiner botanischen Studien “History of my botanical studies”.
Bryophyllum Calycinum Stock Photos & Bryophyllum Calycinum Stock Images – Alamy
In the tropics, Kalanchoe pinnata is grown outdoors in gardens. Hawaii’s Most Invasive Horticultural Plants. The eight 8 stamens 4 cm long are in two whorls, welded on the corolla. Bryophyllum pinnatumalso known as the air plantcathedral bellslife plantmiracle leafand Goethe plant is a succulent plant native to Madagascarwhich is a popular houseplant and has become naturalized in tropical and subtropical areas.
Bufadienolide compounds isolated from Bryophyllum pinnatum include bryophillin A which showed strong anti-tumor promoting activity in vitroand bersaldegeninacetate and bryophillin C which were less active.