India correlates Daruharidra to Berberis aristata DC of Key words: Antimicrobial activity, Daruharidra, eye infection, methanolic stem extract. The highest antimicrobial activity of B. aristata root extract was found against S. aureus ( mm) in acetonic extract with an MIC of mg mL-1 and that of leaf . The antimicrobial activity of hydroalcoholic extracts of four Berberis species viz. Berberis aristata, Berberis asiatica, Berberis chitria and Berberis lycium were.

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In Pakistan, each year there are enormous reports of spoilage of cereal crops due to poor weed control.

Indian medicinal plants, Volume 3, Delhi: Some preliminary reports have described the anticancer activity of methanolic extracts of B. The formation of blue green rings in the extracts, as a result of Lieberman Burchardt antimircobial, showed the presence of terpenoids [27].

Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Berberis Species

Paraquat and DMSO were used as negative and positive controls, respectively. The phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of different phytoconstituents including antimicrogial, phenolic and flavonoidal compounds. The antibacterial activity of the extract against clinical isolates was comparable to that of standard strains Table 3.

Formation of intense yellow colour, which becomes colourless on addition of dilute acid, indicates the presence of flavonoid. No saponins were indicated in extract.


Positive controls formed considerably sized inhibition zones against tested bacteria. Berberis aristata Berberidaceae is an important medicinal plant and found in the different region of the world. The most active constituent of Berberis aristata is berberine, a quaternary isoquinoine alkaloid and animicrobial content of berberine is used as biomaker of the plant. Antimicrobial activity of four species of Berberidaceae. Phytotoxic Activity The phytotoxic activity of the roots, stems and leaves of Berberis aristata was evaluated against Lemna minor [21].

The land under cultivation Cultivation of zereshk in Iran is limited to the South-Khorasan province, especially around Birjand and Qaen. Antihistaminic and anticholinergic activity of barberry fruit Berberis vulgaris in the guinea-pig ileum.

The inhibitory effects of the methanolic extracts on the growth of three organisms viz. Hence it plays an important role in preventing the possible steps of adulteration.

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The methanolic plant extracts showed potential antifungal activity against the tested fungal strains as revealed by the correlation of results with that of positive control, fluconazole.

Anti-osteoporotic activity of aqueous-methanol extract of Berberis aristata in ovariectomized rats. It has hypotensive, immuno-stimulating, antiinflammatory, antimicrobial, antiprotozoal, activities. Language and Literature; Several triterpenoids such as trans – p -coumaroyloxy- 2a, 3a-dihydroxyoleanenoic acid 28 and cis – p -coumaroyloxy-2a, 3a-dihydroxyoleanenoic acid 29 were isolated and structurally elucidated from B.

Also, with the increasing global threat of microbial antibiotic resistance, the scientists face the challenge to discover novel and safe sources of antimicrobial drugs against pathogenic microorganisms [3]. Subscribe this journal to your library. The fronds were then subjected to visual examination and the percentage of phytotoxicity was calculated using the following formula: Both aqueous and alcoholic extracts were prepared as described by [11] with slight modifications as adopted in previous studies [12].


In the lifecycle of Berberisthere are sexual and asexual reproduction processes which enable the plant to survive in harsh conditions. J Med Plants Res ;5: The formation of soap or partial neutralization of alkali indicates the presence of fixed oils and fats.

Antimicrobial studies of stem of different berberis species. A dark green coloration was indicative of the presence of tannins [27]. Present study includes determination of phytochemical analysis, antimicrobial study and estimation of total flavonoid content.

Bioactivity-guided isolation of cytotoxic triterpenoids from the trunk of Berberis koreana. Ploidy levels and genome sizes of Berberis L. Test for Terpenoids 2 mL of plant extract was taken in a test tube.

The containers were kept closed to prevent evaporation.