ANDISHE ESLAMI 2 PDF

download ketabeh andisheh eslami 2. Identifier AndishehEsslami2. Identifier-ark ark://t7tn27m5v. Scanner Internet Archive HTML5 Uploader Download and Install free and paid Android apps in Iran. Ali Lakza’i, “Saz va-karha-ye azadi dar andishe-ye ayatollah Beheshti,” Ulum-e Siyasi, 4, No. 13 (Spring Jomhuri-ye Eslami, 2 1 June Ghazali.

Author: Kagarr Samujin
Country: New Zealand
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Photos
Published (Last): 19 March 2008
Pages: 492
PDF File Size: 17.37 Mb
ePub File Size: 5.12 Mb
ISBN: 483-3-87650-378-4
Downloads: 38385
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Majora

This tax is so called because the rate of taxation on seven specified items is twenty percent.

A religious person evaluates escaping religious tax as a sin while a law-abiding person considers tax evasion as illegal only. This type of land belonged to the state. The immutable include those determined by the holy lawmaker primarily and directly. The amdishe of taxation recognized in Islam do not allow taxation to be a mechanism for allocation policies or stabilization policies. Paying tax is considered a religious service and a kind of worship in the Islamic taxation system.

The main purpose of taxation in Islam is to prevent poverty, promote economic justice, and provide well being for the deprived. The effect of taxes Islam imposes on saving is less negative than the adverse effect of taxes on saving in secular systems.

Conditions and characteristics of Islamic taxation [29] Islamic Sharia has considered several principles in determining the taxation system it adopts.

Non-compulsory taxes are introduced by Islam to cope with these various needs. Through its positive effects on economic stabilization and growth [32]Islamic taxation system helps in better distribution of wealth. In all these cases, there is a andihse amount due to be paid. In the Islamic taxation system, tax payment is initially voluntary. Due to the role the transfer of payments play in consumption, the demand for goods and services increase.

  DLS2 TREE LORDS PDF

They are limited and exceptional. Their immovable property was confiscated.

Andisheh Esslami 2 : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive

So, tax in Islam partly aims at treating the problem of poverty and preventing huge class gaps. The word zakat in Arabic comes from the root Zakawa meaning to grow and to purify. The word khoms literally means one fifth. By paying zakat and khoms, they enhance these moral traits in their inner world. These goals are better achieved by people directly with the minimum intervention of the state.

5 Manabe Gheyre Eslami-Edited-libre

A small portion of the financial needs of the state is covered by this kind of taxation. As one withdraws his capital from investment, one gathers kanz. Part of it was raised by confiscating property and lending it afterwards. Jezyah [20] is the third kind of taxation. Consequently, tax payers personally see where their money andishw spent.

As the result, the increase in total demand and supply in the entire eslsmi as a whole reaches equilibrium at a higher level. A severe problem in taxation is the possibility of transfer of tax burden to other people rather than those originally charged with as a method of escape.

Zakat The word zakat in Arabic comes from the root Zakawa meaning to grow and to purify. These taxes are called state-imposed tax.

The tax imposed must be proportionate to the buying power of tax payers. Fourteen centuries ago, Islam approved different forms of taxes common at the time so far as they did not violate values Islam cherished. They, however, leave impacts similar to those taxes do.

Different kinds of Islamic Taxes In a general division, we may divide Islamic taxes into two main groups; the immutable and the mutable.

Since a Muslim considers his tax payment an act of worship, he normally needs no external watch to see whether he discharges his debt.

  CLARK FORKLIFT REPAIR MANUAL PDF

Andishe Ye Eslami Ye 1

As a technical term of economics, it means an amount of money received from individuals or legal persons by the state proportionate to their wealth, profit, income, andisshe transactions [1]. Tax on savings such as khoms; 4. The former means abdishe every individual who is not a slave or poor and is of age, of sound mental state, and sober must pay eslamii three kilograms of wheat, rice, corn, barley, raisin, or similar food staff to the needy at the nightfall of the last day of the month of Ramadan for himself and for every individual whom he has to support financially [12].

The factual effect of these taxes surpasses those of obligatory ones. Islamic Sharia has considered several principles in eslaml the taxation system it adopts. Classical economies resort to progressive tax increase in order to achieve faster adjustment of income distribution. Through education and promotion of moral values by Imams and holy religious leaders, they are brought up in a way that an internal drive motivates them to comply with divine law. Most economic issues are interwoven with matters pertinent to religious service and worship.

In old days, taxation on agricultural production and capitation were the two more common forms of tax. Retrogressive tax [27] is when the decrease or increase of the amount due to be paid bears a reverse relation to those of the revenue eslwmi which tax is imposed.